PROJECT TITLE: Minnesota Foundational Environmental Laws Oral History Project
NARRATOR NAME: Gregg Downing
DATE OF INTERVIEW: 2/18/2017
INTERVIEWER NAME: Stephanie Hemphill
DATE and LOCATION OF INTERVIEW: Mr. Downing’s home in St. Paul
LENGTH OF INTERVIEW (hrs): 1:10
Oversaw environmental review at Environmental Quality Board (EQB). Changes in role of EQB, which didn’t significantly increase use of EISs over EAWs. Value of petition process in giving citizens a sense they are doing something about issues they’re concerned about, although citizen involvement is very time-consuming and expensive. Sustainable development initiative under Gov. Carlson; GEISs on copper-nickel mining, timber harvesting and feedlots. Challenge of determining how far to go, how many questions to ask, in environmental review. Minnesota has more thorough process than nearly all other states. New York had early court cases that resulted in more EISs than in Minnesota. “Circling the wagons” at EQB when commissioners back each other rather than challenging colleagues’ decisions. EQB staff avoided going to legislature for changes, as results were unpredictable. “Doomsday clause” where EQB can overturn a permit, and “no-build” alternative are practically never used.